This chapter describes 1C:Enterprise interface and navigation options.
1C:Enterprise interface is a window system. There are two types of windows: main and auxiliary.
The main application window is used for navigation and command execution. Auxiliary windows are used to work with specific infobase objects (such as documents or list items), generate reports, or run data processors. To open a form, find the appropriate command in the interface (opening a list, posting a document, and so on), and then execute the command by clicking it or pressing Enter.
1C:Enterprise supports two interface modes: Forms in tabs and Taxi.
The interface mode is set by the application developer. You can change it if the developer provided this option. To learn how to change the interface mode, see section "11.3. Customizing system options".
For the description of the Taxi interface, see 1C:Enterprise 8.3. User Manual. Taxi Interface.
In the Forms in tabs interface mode, most of the operations are performed in a single window. This is convenient when you work with multiple infobases or with a single infobase that has a large number of forms.
4.1. Main window
When you start an application, its main window is displayed. This window contains navigation options and commands. It also outlines the application structure. The upper part of the window, known as the sections panel, displays the main application functionality areas.
To resize the main window, use the small area in the lower right corner (with three engraved dots).
Note that forms are opened as tabs in the work area of the main window.
Each form occupies a new tab. The main window can contain any number of tabs.
To switch between the tabs, use the mouse or the following keyboard shortcuts: Ctrl + Tab (Ctrl + Shift + Tab) and Ctrl + F6 (Ctrl + Shift + F6).
To close a form, press Esc or Ctrl + F4, or click the Close form button on its tab.
Switching between the sections does not close the current form.
Desktop tab. If there are any forms on the desktop, the Desktop tab is the first to be displayed. The tab is automatically displayed at the start and cannot be closed by pressing Esc.
List of tabs. To view a list of open windows, click the button to the right of the tabs. The desktop form is displayed first, followed by other open forms in alphabetic order. When you select a form from the list, this activates the form tab.
Forms that lock the owner window do not lock other windows. You can still switch between the tabs containing other forms, as well as select sections and commands from navigation and/or actions panels.
Opening a form in a separate window. To open a form displayed in a tab in a separate window, use the Open in new window command in the tab context menu. This action is only available for forms that are accessible through links. For example, you cannot open an item creation form in a new window.
Message window. The forms opened in the main window work area use the main window message panel. As you switch between the tabs, the message window displays messages related to the current form. For more information about messages, see section "10.7. Viewing messages".
Windows menu. The Windows menu (on the main menu, point to Windows) displays the main window, standalone windows, and the documents opened in tabs. The current auxiliary window and the active tab of the main window have check boxes next to them. If no tabs are available, the main window has a check box instead.
When you run an application, the Desktop section is displayed. To switch to the desktop from other sections, use the Desktop item of the sections panel. To switch between desktop forms, press F6.
For example, a desktop may be arranged as follows:
You can customize the arrangement of forms on the desktop. To open the desktop setup dialog box, use the context menu of any panel. For more information about desktop customization, see section "11.1.1. Desktop".
4.3. Sections panel
The sections panel displays a list of application sections.
To switch to a section, click the section icon or the section name under the icon. When you switch to another section, the data displayed in the work area does not change but the navigation panel and the actions panel change.
If some sections do not fit the panel width, the panel has a scroll button.
TIP. To switch to the sections panel, press Alt + 1.
You can customize the sections panel. To open the sections panel setup dialog box, use the context menu of any panel. For more information about sections panel customization, see section "11.1.3. Sections panel".
4.4. Navigation panel
Navigation panel shows the structure of the current section. The panel is a list of hyperlinks. If a section has subsections, they are displayed as separate expandable groups.
There are three types of navigation panel commands:
- Important. Navigation to important data areas in the current section.
- Normal. Navigation to current section data.
- See also. References to additional information that may not be directly related to the data of the current section, but may be of use in some cases.
The list of hyperlinks and the groups where they belong are defined by the application developer.
When clicking a link, as a rule, a new form opens. The forms open as tabs in the work area of the main window.
TIP. To switch to the navigation panel of the current section, press Alt + 2.
You can customize the navigation panel. To open the panel customization dialog box, use the context menu of any panel. For more information, see section "11.1.4. Navigation panel".
Some navigation panel links can be hidden if you do not have the rights to access them. You can also hide navigation panel links manually.
4.5. Actions panel
The actions panel displays the lists of commands available in the section. Many applications feature three standard command groups: Create, Reports, and Tools. The standard groups may not be available and other groups may be available instead.
The Create group contains actions that create infobase objects, such as documents or list items.
The Reports group contains actions that open report forms.
The Tools group contains actions that open utility tools. You can adjust the height and the width of the panel.
When you move the pointer over a command, a tooltip with a command description or a link to its description is displayed.
To resize the actions panel, drag its border by the three engraved dots. If some of the commands do not fit the panel after resizing, you can access them by clicking the expand button, See the example below.
The height of the actions panel is preserved for each section independently.
TIP. To switch to the actions panel of the current section, press Alt + 3.
You can customize the actions panel. For more information, see section "11.1.5. Customizing actions panel". To open the panel customization dialog box, use the context menu of any panel.
Some actions panel links can be hidden if you do not have the rights to access them. You can also hide actions panel links manually.
4.6. Information panel
Use this panel to open the history window, review the last data that you edited, and view notifications (which describe the recent operations).
Clicking the History button opens the list of recently modified objects. For more information about the history, see section "10.3. User work history".
Clicking a notification hyperlink opens the object linked to the hyperlink. For example, clicking the Kornet ZAO hyperlink opens the list item form for Contractors – Kornet ZAO. For more information about notifications, see section "10.6. Notifications".
The application title contains multiple areas, including the system command bar.
The left part of the title contains the main menu, the functions menu button (see section "4.8. Functions menu"), and the Favorites menu.
The main menu only includes general commands. These are the commands for file operations and window management, service commands, and so on.
TIP. To open the main menu of the active window, press F10.
The application title is located in the center.
The right part of the system command bar includes the commands for operations with files and links to application areas, standard application features such as calendar and calculator, and more. It also includes the user name, provided that the application supports user authorization.
To close the main window and exit the application, click File – Exit on the main menu, or click the Close button of the main window.
Click the user name to display a menu containing your profile settings and the Log out command.
To log out, use the Log out command. If OpenID authentication is in use, your User-Supplied ID will be logged out as well.
You can navigate an application using the keyboard. The built-in help includes the tables listing the keyboard shortcuts.
The functions menu offers convenient access to the commands of any section. It contains all of the current section commands that are grouped in a similar way as the navigation and actions panel commands.
To open the functions menu, click the button in the system command bar or press Alt + `.
If the sections panel is hidden, it is displayed once you open the functions menu. You can also display a hidden sections panel, navigation panel, or actions panel by pressing Alt + 1, Alt + 2, or Alt + 3 respectively.
If you are using a keyboard, you can navigate the commands with the arrow keys and the Home, End, and Tab keys.
To execute a command, click it, or press Enter or the Spacebar, or right-click it and then click Open in new tab. Once you select a command, the menu is closed.
If you switch to another section while the functions menu is displayed, the menu is updated to display the commands of the current section. When you open the functions menu, the last executed command is selected.
To close the functions menu, press Esc or click the cross in the upper right corner of the Functions menu.
Auxiliary windows are intended for working with infobase objects, report generation, and data processing. These windows are displayed independently of the main window. To open a form in a new window, right-click the form tab and then click Open in new window.
To close an auxiliary window, on the main menu, click File – Close. This does not close the entire application.
The number of simultaneously open auxiliary windows is not limited. Normally, you can open a single auxiliary window for each object (for example, a document or a list item). Some applications allow opening multiple auxiliary windows.
TIP. You can drag files from the operating system (for example, from the Explorer window) to a main or auxiliary application window. This opens the files, same as using the File – Open command of the main menu.