In this lesson, you will study the accounting features of 1C:Enterprise. This tutorial does not explain the accounting basics, so if you do not have required understanding of accounting, we recommend that you first read some popular materials on the subject.
To implement accounting operations, you need the Chart of characteristic types configuration object, which you already know, and two new configuration objects: Chart of accounts and Accounting register.
The accounting register accumulates data that describes completed business transactions. The chart of accounts stores account descriptions. The chart of characteristic types defines analytical accounting objects, which introduce additional account dimensions.
Note that the chart of accounts provided in this tutorial is greatly simplified. It only contains a few provisional accounts, but that is enough to study the basics of 1C:Enterprise accounting.
We have discussed the Chart of characteristic types configuration object in detail during the previous lesson, and now we will only show how to use this object in accounting.
Some of the accounts might use analytical accounting. We will use the "extra dimension types" term to refer to sections of analytical accounting. It means that each account can have multiple dimension types, and accounting is performed based on these types.
We will use the "extra dimensions" term to refer to specific analytical accounting objects.
For example, account 5000 (Inventory) is intended for accounting based on Products and Warehouses, which both are extra dimension types. While a specific "Chocolate spread" product and a specific "Main warehouse" that are specified in some posting within account 5000 are both extra dimensions.
So one of the purposes of a chart of characteristic types is describing extra dimension types. This means that all the analytical accounting sections are described in the respective chart of characteristic types and the types for the values available for some extra dimensions are defined there as well.